PREVIEW OF THE DAFCAST WEBSITE FOR CYCLE 13
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Disclaimers, Copyright, and Credits
This is an early draft. I haven't proofread; there are plenty of typos and probably some more significant errors as well.
Most pages on this site are currently auto-translated. The autotranslations are intended as a starting point for my manual translations. At best, they are awkward stringing-togethers of words and phrases in the corpus database that can benefit from cleaning up. At worst, they are picking the wrong homograph. Auto-translations are indicated by italics.
I am not a rabbi or an expert. These are my translations, and in some cases I am certainly misunderstanding things.
The Talmud is a document of its time. While the Talmud is a foundational document of Judaism, it must be read in its historical context. There are passages that are xenophobic, sexist, and irreconcilable with modern science. Not everything in these pages represents contemporary Judaism.
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In the meantime, if you want to re-use this, please contact me. I am willing to discuss re-use on an ad hoc basis. Perhaps the one page you want to use is actually ready for re-use. Ask. I'll probably work out a way to say "yes."
I need to clean up this section. But for now, I'll note that I've made use of the Hebrew/Aramaic text of the Bavli at Mechon Mamre; Jastrow's dictionary; "The Practical Talmud Dictionary" by Yitzchak Frank. I've also used the big three translations of the Talmud --- Soncino (English), Artscroll (English), and Steinsaltz (Hebrew) --- and the Kehati (English) edition of the Mishna, to help me understand passages before translating them.
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דף טז,א גמרא
tents to streams As it is written (Num. 24) "How goodly are your tents... like streams stretched out, like gardens by the river like aloes ??? planted etc." to say to you Just as streams elevate a person from tumah to taharah, So, too tents i.e., study halls elevate a person from the hands of guilt-obligation to the hands of merit.
The mishna had said: One who reads out of order He has not fulfilled his obligation. etc. Rabbi Ami and Rabbi Assi were decorating for him the bridal-chamber for R' Eliezer He said to them Meanwhile, I will go and I will hear a saying of the house of study and I will come and I will say it to you. He went he found a Tanna who was reciting in front of R' Yochanan Here is what he was teaching: If a person is reading Shema, and he read and he erred and he does not know to where he erred if he is in the midst of the section he must return to the beginning lit., to the head but if he is between one section and another section he shall return to the first section between one writing and another writing he shall return to the first writing. R' Yochanan said to him: They did not teach such a ruling except in the case where he did not open with i.e., get to the point of "So that your days may be lengthened" but: if he opens with i.e., get to the point of "So that your days may be lengthened" habit kept him correct ??? he came and he said to them And they said to him If we had not come except to hear this item it would have been enough for us.
דף טז,א משנה
The workers may read at the top of trees or at the top of a row of bricks which they do not have permission to do in prayer i.e., Amidah A bridegroom is exempt from the reading of Shema the first night after his wedding and until the evening after Shabbat If he has not done the deed And it once happened to Rabban Gamliel that he married a wife and he read the Shema the first night His students said to him: You taught us, our rabbi, that a bridegroom is exempt from the reading of Shema He said to them: I will not listen to you to nullify the acceptance of the kingdom of heaven even if it is a single hour
דף טז,א גמרא
The Rabbis taught The workers read at the top of trees or at the top of a row of bricks and they pray on top of lit. on the head of the olive tree and on top of lit. on the head of the fig tree but the remainder of all of the trees they must descend to the bottom and they pray and the master of the house whether like this or whether like that in all cases, whatever he is upon descends to the bottom and he prays on account of that his attention is not able to rest upon it i.e., he cannot concentrate on his prayers due to the precariousness of his position. Rav Mari the son of the daughter of Shmuel pointed out a contradition to him to Raba We have learnt in a Mishna: The workers read at the top of trees or at the top of a row of bricks Perhaps, it does not require concentrated attention. We challenge that from the following baraita: One who reads the Shema, it is necessary for him that he concentrate his heart as it is said "Hear, O Israel" and elsewhere in the scripture it says (Deut. 27) "Attend and hear, O Israel," Just as there it requires that one do it with attention, so, too, here, with attention. He was silent. He said to him something Have you heard a teaching in this case? He said to him: Thus said Rav Sheishet This is only in the case where they interrupt lit. nullify from their work and read But it was taught elsewhere: the academy of Hillel say: they remain involved in their work and read There is no difficulty. this case is in the first paragraph this case is in the second paragraph
The Rabbis taught: the workers that were doing work next to the master of the house read the recitation of Shema and they bless before it and after it, and they eat their bread and they bless before it and after it. and they pray the prayer of eighteen i.e., the Amidah but: they do not descend before the ark to lead the prayers And they do not raise their hands to recite the priestly blessing But it was taught elsewhere: they recite only a summary of the Eighteen i.e., the Amidah Rav Sheshet said There is no difficulty. this one follows the opinion of Rabban Gamliel this one follows the opinion of R' Yehoshua If it was R' Yehoshua why does he the Tanna seize on the particular case of workers? This is true even in the case of every person too! Rather: This and this are both according to Rabban Gamliel And there is no difficulty. here, in a case where they are working for their wages here, in a case where they are working for their meals. For it was taught: The workers that were doing work next to the master of the house read the recitation of Shema and they pray and they eat their bread But they do not recite a blessing before it but: they bless after it two blessings How so? The first blessing as it is arranged, the second he opens with the blessing of the land and they include "who builds Jerusalem" in the blessing of the land Regarding what matters are we speaking? With those who are working for their wages, but those who are working for their meals or such that it was the master of the house is reclining with them they bless as it is arranged.
A bridegroom is exempt from the recitation of Shema
The rabbis taught: "when you are sitting in your house" creates an exclusion for one who is involved in a commandment "and when you walk on the way" creates an exclusion for a bridegroom from here they said the one who marries the virgin is exempt and one who marries the widow is liable. What is to be heard to support this reading? Rav Pappa said: It is like a way Just as traveling on a way is a voluntary act So, too, here in this case, also, it is a voluntary act Are we are not dealing with one who goes on the way for a matter of a commandment and even so, thus said the Merciful One that he is obligated to recite it. If so, Let Scripture say "while walking" What then does it mean when it says "and in your walking" Learn from this while walking for your own sake that person is obligated this case where you are on the way not for your own purpose, but for the purpose of a commandment, then you are exempt.
דף טז,ב גמרא
If so, why does he the Tanna seize on the particular case of the one who marries the virgin Even if one who has married the widow too, Here in this case, he is agitated and here in this other case, he is not agitated. If it is because of the state of being agitated even if it is a case of a person where his boat has sunk in the sea too, Why is it that he is not exempt? Rabbi Abba bar Zavda said Rav said a mourner is liable in all the commandments that are said in the Torah except for the tefillin for behold! it is said regarding them ??? as it is said (Ezek. 24) ??? incarcerated upon you etc. They said: there, we are dealing with the state of being agitated over a matter with personal autonomy Here in this case, the state of being agitated over a commandment
דף טז,ב משנה
He washed on the first night after the burial when his wife died. His students said to him: You taught us, our rabbi, that a mourner is forbidden to wash He said to them: I am not like other people I am delicate And when Tavi his slave died he accepted condolences for him His students said to him: You taught us, our rabbi, that we do not accept condolences on slaves He said to them: Tavi my slave was not like all the other slaves he was "kosher" A bridegroom if he wishes to read the reading of Shema the first night reads Rabban Shimon ben Gamliel says Not all who wish to claim such a reputation may make a claim.
דף טז,ב גמרא
What is the reason מאי טעמא ??? his reasoning is ??? night is a law established by the Rabbis As it is written (Amos 8) ??? Master, in a place ??? No. ??? of him. ??? And when Tavi his slave died ??? The Rabbis taught slaves ??? yes. they stand upon them ??? They do not say upon them the blessing on ??? It once happened ??? Watch out for leading vav or his female slave of Rabbi Eliezer they would enter ??? immediately who saw ??? He ascended ??? and if they put it up on the altar after him: enter ??? they would enter after him: enter ??? they would enter after him: He said to them: ??? I ??? now If it was "You ??? even ??? No. thus in the same way ??? to you slaves ??? yes. they stand upon them ??? They do not say upon them the blessing on ??? and not ??? except Just as say upon them in the same way for they would say to a person on ??? and on ??? the place Watch out for leading vav "And he filled to you ??? thus in the same way say to him on his male slave and on Watch out for leading vav or his female slave the place Watch out for leading vav "And he filled to you ??? Another teaching slaves ??? yes. ??? those particular R' Yosei says if a slave is valid he say upon it you shall a man good faithfully and benefit from his work They said to him: If so, Just as ??? The Rabbis taught they do not read the forefathers except that three and they do not read ??? except ??? the forefathers What is the reason? Shall I say It is because of this: that is not ??? If it was ??? If it was ??? If so, ??? also No. ??? If it was ??? If it was ??? except until Here in this case, ??? No. ??? Another teaching slaves ??? they do not read ??? Abba so-and-so ??? and of Rabban Gamliel they were ??? Abba so-and-so ??? It once happened ??? It is because of this: ??? R' Elazar said What then does it mean that it is written (Ps. 63) thus ??? my hands thus ??? -- this refers to the recitation of Shema ??? my hands -- this refers to prayer and if makes thus upon it the scripture says (Ps. 63) just as milk ??? my soul and not only this, but ??? two ??? this world and the World to Come as it is said (Ps. 63) and my lips ??? R' Elazar according to ??? he said thus May it be Your will before You, Hashem our God ??? love and brotherhood and peace ??? the end of the ??? good and the inclination for good ??? and it is found ??? Your Name ??? before you ??? Rabbi Yochanan according to ??? he said thus May it be Your will before You, Hashem our God ??? ??? before you the attribute of ??? R' Zeira according to ??? he said thus May it be Your will before You, Hashem our God that did not have ??? and not ??? and not ??? R' Chiyya according to when they (he said) pray thus May it be Your will before You, Hashem our God that it should be Your Torah ??? and do not ??? for his son and do not ??? Rav according to ??? he said thus May it be Your will before You, Hashem our God ??? to us life, ??? life, of peace life, of that is good life, of blessing life, of livelihood. life, of ??? life, in which there is at them." fear of Watch out for leading vav he sinned life, that do not at them." ??? life, of ??? and honor." life, that it should be his son "Love Torah and fear of heaven life, ??? to us all ??? for his son ??? Rabbi according to ??? he said thus May it be Your will before You, Hashem our God and the God of ??? evil" ??? evil" ??? evil" ??? evil" a tabernacle evil" ??? Difficult is ??? judgement Difficult is between that he was son of covenant between that is not son of covenant and even though ??? upon it of Rabbi Rav ??? according to ??? he said thus May it be Your will before You, Hashem our God ??? peace
Copyright © 2012 Andrew Marc Greene. All rights reserved.